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Unified Property Registry

Overview

When analyzing the situation of real estate management and, accordingly, the real estate market development, all experts invariably identify the key problem – for years the development has gone on fragmentarily at a level of individual departments and components without the least attempt at synchronization of information and its further integration into a single transparent system. Currently there are six different registers of rights to land and non-land estate maintained by Bureaus of Technical Inventory (BTI), the Justice Ministry Information Center, and the State Land Cadastre Center with its Raion Land Departments. Thus, the register of rights to land does not specify whether there are any buildings or structures on the land. And conversely, the register of ownership of buildings and structures, maintained by BTI, not always clearly indicates on which plot the building or structure sits.

In these conditions, territorial administration (city, district) agencies encounter almost insurmountable difficulties in establishing an adequate layer of basic inventorial information on local resources – the so-called cadastral registration level. Besides territorial land resources authorities (land cadastre) and BTI (registration of real properties and transactions them under Provisional Regulations of the Ministry of Justice No. 157/6445 dated Feb. 18, 2002), involved in creation of the basic cadastral-registration level must be public utilities departments (for communal property) and engineering enterprises (for networks and facilities), and a significant portion of record-keeping functions is also born by urban planning and architecture department. Reasons for these difficulties are as follows:

  • Lack of centralized management of informatization processes in terms of development of an integrated, territory-oriented, system;
  • Insufficient targeted funding to create an integrated system;
  • Absence in a territory of a single, regularly updated basic underlying map that could meet requirements of all participants;
  • Desire of organizations that have established and are investing in real information systems to protect their commercial interests;
  • Considerable complexity and cost of software. The systems’ cost must be adequate to their real implementation payoff;
  • Lack of trained staff in organizations to participate in the development of integrated system components.

One of USAID LINC activities is to provide technical assistance to relevant authorities and organizations in Crimea in synchronizing their existing registers of rights to land, buildings and structures and facilitating their systematic work aimed to solve the above problems. The essential amendments in the Land Code of Ukraine (Art. 120) made by the Verkhovna Rada, effective since Jan. 1, 2010, require that the information on land and buildings and structures on it be tied up more closely, and serve as a legislative basis for the registers synchronization and the development of a full real estate cadastre.

USAID LINC intends to implement several pilot projects to synchronize databases from land ownership registers and buildings and structures registers, as well as to established concerted systematic work, within the existing legal framework, of the key stakeholders in the process of developing a basic territorial cadastral registration layer: State Land Cadastre Center, BTI and Justice Ministry Information Center, State Architecture and Construction Inspection, territorial urban planning and architecture department, management of communal property administration, and territorial engineering services.


  • State Registration Officers Prepare for Working with Unified Property Register

    November 29, 2011, Irpin, Kyiv Oblast — USAID LINC and the State Registration Service of Ukraine (UkrDerzhReyestr) began delivering a five-day training course for about 120 regional-level officers to prepare them for working with a Unified Property Register.


  • USAID LINC, State Registration Service Sign Protocol of Cooperation

    October 19, 2011, Kyiv — USAID LINC and the State Registration Service of Ukraine signed a Protocol of Cooperation, “willing to combine their efforts to form a unified state registration system for estate in Ukraine and create a State Register of Immovable Property Rights.”


  • Crimea Government Officials Support Unified Real Estate Registry Prototype by USAID LINC

    July 7, 2010 — In Simferopol, high-level Crimean government officials confirmed their support of the USAID LINC further work on the unified real estate registry pilot projects.


  • LINC and ILS Present the Unified Property Registry Prototype in Yevpatoria

    June 17, 2010 — In Crimean city of Yevpatoria, USAID LINC and its subcontractor ILS (International Land Systems) made a presentation of the unified land registry prototype for the Crimean Architecture Ministry and raion/city architects from across Crimea.


  • LINC and ILS Present Land Registry Prototype to Newly Appointed Head of ResKomZem

    June 3, 2010  In the Crimean capital of Simferopol, LINC and its partner ILS (International Land Systems, Inc.) presented the unified land registry prototype to the new chairman of Crimea's Republican Land Resources Committee (ResKomZem), Oleksandr Chabanov.


  • LINC to Sign Protocol on Real Estate Registries with Crimea

    May 19, 2010 – At a meeting of the USAID LINC Project with the Crimean Verkhovna Rada Speaker Volodymyr Konstantynov in Simferopol, the parties agreed to sign a protocol of intentions to collaborate in synchronizing the existing land and other real estate registries in Crimea and developing a pilot town planning cadastre in three Crimean raions.


  • Chairman of Crimean Land Resources Committee Transferred to Raion Administration

    Oleh Rusetsky was moved from the chair of the Crimean Republican Committee for Land Resources to the chair of Crimea's Bilohirsk Raion State Administration, replacing Kostyantyn Luhovyk.


  • LINC Presents Unified Land/Property Registry Prototype to Bakhchysaray Administration

    The USAID LINC Project made a presentation of unified land/property registry prototype system to the Bakhchysaray Raion State Administration and had a preliminary discussion on their potential involvement in the pilot project.


  • Verkhovna Rada Extends the Land Sale Moratorium

    2009-12-22 - Completing two hearings within one day, the Verkhovna Rada adopted an act that, if signed by the President of Ukraine, will extend the moratorium on sale of agricultural land until Jan. 1, 2012, at the earliest.

    The act amends two sections in the Land Code's transitional provisions, which in their current wording provide that the moratorium will expire upon entry into force of two Laws of Ukraine: "On the Land Market" and "On the State Land Cadastre." Not canceling this condition, the amendment sets up the date until which the land sale ban will certainly stand. According to a land law expert with the USAID LINC project, this means that the moratorium may well survive its doomsday of Jan. 1, 2012 – if the said two laws are not adopted and put into force until that date.

    The bill was initiated by several members of the parliament's Communist faction on the pretext that it would help to prevent probable land-related abuses and acts of crime.


  • New Wording of a Land Code Section to Spur Synchronized Property Register Formation

    2009-12-15 - The new wording of Ukraine's Land Code Section 120, coming into force on Jan. 1, 2010, will speed up formation of a synchronized real estate title register, according to USAID LINC land law experts.

    The new wording of the section provides that a person acquiring ownership of a building will also automatically acquire ownership of the land plot or part of the land plot on which the building is located. The land's targeted purpose use in this case remains unchanged. However, the property seller, to have the deed notarized, must provide the cadastral number of the plot. The amendment necessitates setting up data exchange between Technical Inventory Bureaus ("BTI"), which keep records of titles to buildings and structures, and local offices of the State Land Cadastre Center, which are in charge of registering land plots and titles to them, thus encouraging formation of a synchronized property register, according to the experts.