When analyzing the situation of real estate management and, accordingly, the real estate market development, all experts invariably identify the key problem – for years the development has gone on fragmentarily at a level of individual departments and components without the least attempt at synchronization of information and its further integration into a single transparent system. Currently there are six different registers of rights to land and non-land estate maintained by Bureaus of Technical Inventory (BTI), the Justice Ministry Information Center, and the State Land Cadastre Center with its Raion Land Departments. Thus, the register of rights to land does not specify whether there are any buildings or structures on the land. And conversely, the register of ownership of buildings and structures, maintained by BTI, not always clearly indicates on which plot the building or structure sits.
In these conditions, territorial administration (city, district) agencies encounter almost insurmountable difficulties in establishing an adequate layer of basic inventorial information on local resources – the so-called cadastral registration level. Besides territorial land resources authorities (land cadastre) and BTI (registration of real properties and transactions them under Provisional Regulations of the Ministry of Justice No. 157/6445 dated Feb. 18, 2002), involved in creation of the basic cadastral-registration level must be public utilities departments (for communal property) and engineering enterprises (for networks and facilities), and a significant portion of record-keeping functions is also born by urban planning and architecture department. Reasons for these difficulties are as follows:
- Lack of centralized management of informatization processes in terms of development of an integrated, territory-oriented, system;
- Insufficient targeted funding to create an integrated system;
- Absence in a territory of a single, regularly updated basic underlying map that could meet requirements of all participants;
- Desire of organizations that have established and are investing in real information systems to protect their commercial interests;
- Considerable complexity and cost of software. The systems’ cost must be adequate to their real implementation payoff;
- Lack of trained staff in organizations to participate in the development of integrated system components.
One of USAID LINC activities is to provide technical assistance to relevant authorities and organizations in Crimea in synchronizing their existing registers of rights to land, buildings and structures and facilitating their systematic work aimed to solve the above problems. The essential amendments in the Land Code of Ukraine (Art. 120) made by the Verkhovna Rada, effective since Jan. 1, 2010, require that the information on land and buildings and structures on it be tied up more closely, and serve as a legislative basis for the registers synchronization and the development of a full real estate cadastre.
USAID LINC intends to implement several pilot projects to synchronize databases from land ownership registers and buildings and structures registers, as well as to established concerted systematic work, within the existing legal framework, of the key stakeholders in the process of developing a basic territorial cadastral registration layer: State Land Cadastre Center, BTI and Justice Ministry Information Center, State Architecture and Construction Inspection, territorial urban planning and architecture department, management of communal property administration, and territorial engineering services.